Different people have different opinions about AI and they describe it accordingly. To put it simply, we can say that AI is the intelligence in which machines learn and adapt themselves to using the learnings in the next task when humans make them do a certain task and learn from them.
In the 1950s, Minsky and McCarthy defined artificial intelligence as a task performed by a machine that, if a human carried out the same activity, we would say the human had to apply intelligence to accomplish the task.
Today we see the application of AI around us in the forms like
- recommendations on what you should buy next online,
- what you say to virtual assistance like Siri, AlexaAlexa, google assistance, and others, to help recognize what is in the photo or do other jobs.
AI machines can now show many of the behaviors of human beings like planning, learning, reasoning, problem-solving, knowledge representation, perception, motion, and manipulation and, to a lesser extent, social intelligence and creativity.
What are the types of Artificial intelligence?
AI can be classified under two broad categories- Narrow AI and General AI.
What is Narrow AI?
It is also referred to as weak AI. It can be seen around us in computers- intelligent systems have learned to do a task with being programmed to do it. This type of machine learnings application can be found in speech and language recognition, in self-driving cars, in the recommendations of products online.
This AI can do one task at a time, therefore, it is called narrow AI or weak AI.
What is General AI?
This type of AI is also called strong AI. We see general AI in the movies today like in Westworld or terminator. General AI is different from Narrow in terms of its capability to do multiple tasks. It is similar to the intellect found in humans. An intelligence which is flexible to learning different things, anything from chopping the vegetables, to solve a complex math problem, or to give reasons about the wide variety of topics based on accumulated experience.
However, this type of AI doesn’t exist today but being optimistic it can be said that General AI will be the mainstream technology in the next century.
What is Artificial super-intelligence (ASI)
Once the pinnacle of general artificial intelligence is attained, the next hue of AI would be Superintelligence. This would be higher than human intelligence. It will be exceeding better at everything because of greater memory, fast data processing and analysis, and decision-making capabilities.
The existence of such powerful machines looks appealing today, but it will be one of the most threatening things for human beings. Currently, we can’t imagine a world with a more advanced form of AI coming into being. There is a long way to go, as AI is in its nascent stage.
For the people who have an optimistic outlook for AI in the future, we can say that it just the beginning and for those who have a negative outlook, we can say there is enough time to make any decision for AI advancement.